Enrolling as an Inactive Member
If a State Bar member does not practice law in Texas during any given fiscal year, inactive status may be requested.
Governing Documents Regarding Inactive Status
An inactive member is a person who: is eligible for active membership but not engaged in the practice of law in Texas; and has filed with the Executive Director of the State Bar of Texas and the Clerk of the Texas Supreme Court written notice requesting enrollment as an inactive member.Tex. Govt. Code §81.052
An inactive member may not practice law in this state, hold an office in the State Bar of Texas, or vote in any election conducted by the State Bar of Texas. Tex. Govt. Code §81.053
An inactive member may become an active member on application and payment of all required fees. Tex. Govt. Code §81.052
Who is NOT eligible for inactive status?
An attorney cannot request inactive status if he or she is a:
Member engaged in providing private legal services in the State of Texas, except as provided in Supreme Court Rules Article XIII, whether such services are compensated or uncompensated. Such services include any actions or advice rendered to any person or entity in any matters connected with the law. Such services do not include those rendered solely on behalf of a member’s own personal interests;
Member of the Texas judiciary, including state, county, municipal and administrative judges licensed in Texas, but not including justices of the peace;
A member who is employed in Texas and whose position requires the person holding it to be an attorney;
Member who is a full-time or part-time faculty member of a Texas law school and is required to be licensed in Texas;
Member who is a Texas elected official in a position that requires the member holding that position to be licensed in Texas.
Please note: The above list contains primary examples, but is not exhaustive. If you still have questions about eligibility, please consult the FAQ.
What an attorney cannot do when granted inactive status:
A State Bar member on Inactive Status may not engage in the practice of law in Texas. (Tex. Govt. Code §81.053(a)). Be aware that engaging in the practice of law while on inactive status may subject you to discipline under Tex. Disciplinary Rules of Professional Conduct Rule 8.04(a)(11).
Inactive status members may not:
Hold any position, public or private, compensated or uncompensated, that requires the member to be licensed to practice law in Texas
Represent, in writing or in person, that the member holds an active license to practice law in Texas
Prepare any pleading or other document incident to any legal action or proceeding on behalf of another person or entity
Provide any service (paid or unpaid) for another person or entity or consult on any matter that requires the use of legal skill or knowledge, such as providing legal advice or preparing a will, contract, or other instrument, the legal effect of which must be determined
Engage in any other activity which is determined to constitute the practice of law by statute, rule, regulation, or court decision
To Claim Inactive Status, Complete the Following Steps:
1. To claim Inactive Status, log in to your My Bar Page and click “Pay Fees”.
2. Select “Inactive Status” under Status and Review Exemptions.
3. Continue through all pages until you receive confirmation.
If you have questions, please contact Membership at (800) 204-2222, ext. 1383 or (512) 427-1383. You may also email questions to email@example.com.
FAQs For Inactive Attorneys
These frequently asked questions are not intended to be exhaustive. The answers are offered here as advisory only and may not be relied upon as definitive in a court or before a disciplinary tribunal. If you have additional questions, you are encouraged to seek independent legal advice.
Can I represent a family member on a legal
Generally, no. However, in Texas Justice of the Peace courts, the court may allow an individual representing himself or herself to be assisted in court by a family member or by another person who is not receiving compensation. See Texas Rule of Civil Procedure 500.4
Can I serve as a legal consultant to a company or law
No. As an inactive attorney, you may not give advice or render any service requiring the use of legal skill or knowledge.
Can I receive referral fees from another attorney for
referring a case?
Under Rule 1.04 of the Texas Disciplinary Rules of Professional Conduct, there are only two situations in which lawyers who are not in the same firm can share fees: 1. When the fees are in proportion to the professional services performed by each lawyer; or 2. When both lawyers assume joint responsibility for the representation.
In the first situation, if you actually performed legal services for a client while you were on active status, you can receive payment for those services after going on inactive status. In other words, you can receive a payment that was earned before going on inactive status.
Because the second arrangement requires the existence of an attorney-client relationship, it is not available to lawyers who are on inactive status.
Can I do pro bono legal work?
You can, if you meet the requirements set forth in Article XIII of the Texas Supreme Court’s State Bar Rules. Please be aware that the definition of “emeritus attorney” in Article XIII differs from the definition of “emeritus attorney” in Tex. Govt. Code 81.052 for purposes of membership.
Can I hold a position (compensated or not) that requires
that I be licensed to practice law in Texas?
Can I act as a mediator?
You may act as a mediator to the same extent as a non-lawyer may act as a mediator. As such, you may not give legal advice or render any services requiring an active law license in Texas.
What is the difference between MCLE non-practicing status
and inactive status?
MCLE non-practicing status is designed for attorneys who are on active membership status but have not practiced law for an entire MCLE compliance year. If you qualify for MCLE non-practicing status for a given compliance year, you are exempt from MCLE compliance for that year. MCLE Regulation 5.3.2 allows an attorney claiming non-practicing status to engage in the practice of law for his/her own personal or immediate family interests.
An attorney on inactive membership status is also exempt from MCLE compliance while on inactive status, but may not practice law for or represent third parties, including immediate family members. MCLE Regulations 5.4 and 5.4.1 explain the requirements.